1953: Grace Hopper develops the first, last computer language called COBOL. Thomas Johnson Watson Jr., son of IBM CEO, Thomas Johnson Watson Sr., devised the IBM 701 EDPM to help the United Nations track North Korea during the war. Soldiers everything will kill you so choose something fun poster. 1954: The FORTRAN programming language, short for FORmula TRANslation, was developed by a group of programmers at IBM led by John Backus (according to the University of Michigan). Also this year the giant computational defense system SAGE is designed to assist the Air Force in tracking real-time radar data. The product is equipped with technical advances such as modem and graphic display. The system weighs up to 300 tons and takes up an entire room.